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Partition of India - refugees displaced by the partition

Wednesday, January 6, 2016

Anand Teltumbde explains Ambedkar Mission and the reality about history of the left and freedom struggle and caste politics LIVE!Real story of the struggle for freedom! Midnapur legacy of freedom and resistance! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-uihc4e2HUU&feature=youtu.be Hijli,Jangal Mahal, IIT Kharagpur! Mahad,Ambedkar and annihilation of caste! ताकि सनद रहे Babasaheb Ambedkar said...In the fight for Swaraj you fight with the whole nation on your side...[but to annihilate the caste], you have to fight against the whole nation—and that too, your own. But it is more important than Swaraj. Palash Biswas


Anand Teltumbde explains Ambedkar Mission and the reality about history of the left and freedom struggle and caste politics LIVE!Real story of the struggle for freedom! Midnapur legacy of freedom and resistance!


Hijli,Jangal Mahal,  IIT Kharagpur! Mahad,Ambedkar and annihilation of caste!

ताकि सनद रहे Babasaheb Ambedkar said...In the fight for Swaraj you fight with the whole nation on your side...[but to annihilate the caste], you have to fight against the whole nation—and that too, your own. But it is more important than Swaraj.

Palash Biswas

It is all about the Mahad Movement,emergence of Dr.BR Ambedkar and his agenda of annihilation of caste and no one else but our expert,the grand son in law and IIT Kharagpur professor Anand teltumbde explains the real mission of Babasaheb.Ananad` s book on Mahad movement is on stalls and available for online purchase.It is very imprtant to understand the history,partition,freedom explaination.

Since Jangal Mahal,Midnapur ,Bankura and Purulia with Jharkhand,Bihar,UP,Orrissa,MP,Maharashtra tribal geography has always been in resistance mode and so the different people in this mixed humanscape,I focused on Hijli along with Midnapur legacy of freedom and resistance!


Thus,I talked about Hijli concentration camp and the history of freedom struggle in Jangal Mahal  and IIT Kharagpur!Which is related with the struggle of freedom by rural,indigenous,aborigin agrarian communities, Indian peasantry led by negroid Adivasi,untouchables and Non Arayan Shudras.This link is missing in the history written hitehrto.It is the history of the people,excluded,excommunicated,subjected to persecution,displacement,execution,repression and demonization.It is the real history of India!


ताकि सनद रहे Babasaheb Ambedkar said...In the fight for Swaraj you fight with the whole nation on your side...[but to annihilate the caste], you have to fight against the whole nation—and that too, your own. But it is more important than Swaraj.

But the world owes much to rebels who would dare to argue in the face of the pontiff and insist that he is not infallible.


-Babasaheb Ambedkar


In the fight for Swaraj you fight with the whole nation on your side...[but to annihilate the caste], you have to fight against the whole nation—and that too, your own. But it is more important than Swaraj. There is no use having Swaraj, if you cannot defend it. More important than the question of defending Swaraj is the question of defending the Hindus under the Swaraj. In my opinion, it is only when Hindu Society becomes a casteless society that it can hope to have strength enough to defend itself. Without such internal strength, Swaraj for Hindus may turn out to be only a step towards slavery. Good-bye, and good wishes for your success.


-B.R. Ambedkar


Monday, January 4, 2016

#চুয়াড় বিদ্রোহ@Chuar Rebellion: Midnapur Bankura legacy of freedom and Resistance! Palash Biswas

फिलहाल हम गुलामी का फंडा तो़ड़ने में लगे हैं।


जैसी आशंका महात्मा ज्योतिबा फूल और गुरुचांद ठाकुर को थी कि आजादी के बाद मुकम्मल मनुस्मृति राज होगा,जैसा कि बाल गंगाधर तिलका का स्वराज पेशवा राज है और जैसे कि बाबासाहेब अंबेडकर के मुताबिक आजादी से ज्यादा जरुरी जाति उन्मूलन का लक्ष्य है,जाति उन्मूलन के बिना फिर हिंदू हिंदू राष्ट्र  है,आज का समामाजिक यथार्थ यही है।


हजारों सालों के दरम्यान,आर्यों,पठान मुगलो और अंग्रेजों के राज में भारत के आदिवासी दलित शूद्र आवाम ने कभी गुलामी मंजूर  नहीं की।


1757 के बाद से लगातार उनकी लड़ाई जारी रही है।


उन्होंने राजा रजवाड़ोें और जमींदारों,साहूकारों और महाजनों के खिलाफ ,पूंजी और बाजार के खिलाफ लगातार लड़ाई की है।


इस विरासत से बेखबर हम लोग हजारों साल की गुलामी की कथा बांचकरअंबेडकर एटीएम से आवाम का खून पसीना दुह रहे हैं जबकि हर अनैतिक,हर अधार्मिक,हर कुकृत्य, बलात्कार, नरसंहार और बेदखली को कानूनी और जायज बताने का लूटतंत्र विकास है।


हमारे पास वक्त है नहीं और न मुझे कोई छापता है।


इससे पहले भी तमाम आदरणीय लोगों ने आलेख मंगवाकर छापा नहीं है।


वैसे भी हम बहुजनों का कर्मफल कालजयी होता नहीं है।

मैं अब अपने मौज के लिए लिखता हूं।जनता की चीज जनता को वापस करता हूं।


किसी को कायदे की कोई चीज लगे तो वे जैसा चाहे उसका इस्तेमाल अपने विवेक के मुताबिक कर सकते हैं।जनहित में हमारी तरफ से हरी झंडी है।कामर्शियल हम कभी लिखते नहीं है और न उनके अगवाड़े पिछवाड़े इतना दम है कि हमें झेल सकें।


अलग से लेख भेजने में असमर्थ हूं क्योंकि हम कब तक जी पायेंगे इसका ठिकाना नहीं है और बहुत काम अभी बाकी है।


कृपया मेरा लिखा सारा का सारा नेट पर या हस्तक्षेप पर उपलब्ध है,आप जो चाहे निकाल लें।

न चाहे तो हमारी कोई शिकायत नहीं है।


हस्तक्षेप भी हमारे आलेख की वजहसे क्रैश हो रहा है और हमारे लिखे बिना हस्तक्षेप को जनसुनवाई मंच बनाये रखना हमारी सर्वोच्च प्रथमिकता है।


मेरा लिखा बोला जहं भी लीक हो सकता है,वह जनता के हवाले है।


Millions of farmers in Latin America, Africa and south Asia are, at present, direct victims of the wondrous regime set up by the WTO and world order sustained by governments worldwide led by ruling hegemony of ruling dynasties in desguise of democracy and their agenicies all on name of growth,development and humanitarian cause and projected mass movement . With the gradual dismantling of quantitative restrictions and tariff barriers, the peasantry in the poorer countries is facing rack and ruin. A whole range of farm commodities can be offered for trading by the technologically advanced Western countries at prices that would not cover farmers' costs in the poor continents. One reason is the neo-colonial edict: some are more equal than others; subsidies are out for farmers in India, Pakistan or Bangladesh, but not for those in the US, or in France.


But agrarian Midnapur and Jangal Mahal in Bengal have a different legacy of resistance to reject the Global Order,indiscriminate industrializaion,urbanisation and infrastructure.I am just drawing your attention to this humanscape of continuous resistance inherent.


or Example as Warren Hastings failed to quell the Chuar uprisings. The district administrator to Bankura wrote in his diary in 1787 that the Chuar revolt was so widespread and fierce that temporarily, the Company's rule had vanished from the district of Bankura. Finally in 1799 the Governor General, Wellesley crushed these uprisings by a pincer attack. An area near Salboni in Midnapore district, in whose mango grove many rebels were hung from trees by the British, is still known by local villagers as "the heath of the hanging upland", Phansi Dangar Math. Some years later under the leadership of Jagabandhu the paymaster or Bakshi (of the infantry of the Puri Raja), there was the well-known widespread Paik or retainer uprising in Orissa. In 1793 the Governor General Cornwallis initiated in the entire Presidency of Bengal a new form of Permanent Settlement of revenue to loyal landlords. This led to misfortunes for the toiling peasantry: in time they would protest against this as well.

First Chuar Rebellion (1767.)


Wikipedia profile:With the help of Bidhan Chandra Roy (chief minister of West Bengal), Indian educationalists Humayun Kabir and Jogendra Singh formed a committee in 1946 to consider the creation of higher technical institutions "for post-war industrial development of India."[citation needed] This was followed by the creation of a 22-member committee headed by Nalini Ranjan Sarkar. In its interim report, the Sarkar Committee recommended the establishment of higher technical institutions in India, along the lines of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and consulting from theUniversity of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign along with affiliated secondary institutions. The report urged that work should start with the speedy establishment of major institutions in the four-quarters of the country with the ones in the east and the west to be set up immediately.[5]


I returned from the Coastal Bengal on Friday afternoon to disturb you only.Initially we planned to see the Bay of Bengal waves on Digh Coast as Sabita Babu was eager to see it which we did not see for last 25 years in Bengal.But it turned to be a visit to the Midnapur legacy of freedom and resistance from Tamralipta,Chuar revolt,Hijli concentration camp and Nandigram united!


Although there were few other detention camps around the country in those days, the Hijli detention camp was the only one to witness the death of two detainees by police firing within jail compound.[1] The incident led to strong protest, to register their indignation by prominent national figures like Rabindranath Tagore, Subhas Chandra Bose and many others. Soon after independence, the building was used to house the first Indian Institute of Technology (known initially as the Higher Technical Institute).


We stayed with our old friend Tapan Mandal who had been publishing Atma Nirikkhan with late Dr,Gunodhar Burman who always had been the pioneer as far as the Bahujan Movement in Bengal is concerned.we had family reunion there and spent a very good time with the baby Mantu who is a young lady studying in Chemistry in Lady Braborn College in Kolkata and we discussed linguistics and literature with her.


We visited the sea coast in Bengal and orissa as well.But it was an intimate occasion to refresh the memories of nandigram resistance against forcible land acquisition as we had to cross the area situated between Nand Kumar and Kanthi.Maharaj Nandkumar was Hanged by the Raj,mind you.


The river Rupnarayn was flowing as usual and the Tamrolipt of the ancient times,the port was there embdied ina modern time,the district town Tamluk surrounded by Desh Pran,Matangini Hazra,the 72 years Gandhian Dalit lady who was shot by British Police as the flag of Independent India was unfurled in tamluk way back in 1942.


It was an occasion to remember all the martyres of Chura Vidroh,the martres of Hijli concentration camp,Rishi Aurobindo as Biplabi Bareen Ghosh,

Khudiram Bose and Prafula Chaki the teenaged martyres,Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar the flagbearer of Bengal renaissance and many more with 21 Lodha martyres who laid their lives first against the East Indian Company in Lodhashuli just after the defeat and betrayal in Plassy,gupta Samiti and Anusheelansamiti.


I am attaching the visuals as well as the Text which are available to talk about Midnapur legacy of resistance and freedom including the latest one Nandigram Resistance!


The Nehru Museum of Science and Technology is a museum inKharagpur, West Bengal, India. It was founded in 1990 at the Hijli Detention camp building, later the IIT-Kharagpur Heritage Building, which is now named as Hijli Saheed Bhavan. The imposing building, bearing resemblance to the Byzantine style of architecture, was used by the British rulers of India to detain the freedom fighters during the 1930s.


The museum has many indoor exhibits which include technical models collected from various institutes and organisations across India. The park outside the museum contains 14 open-air demonstrations and outdoor exhibits including a hunter plane, and a steam engine. The museum has an archive room showcasing documents relating to history of the institute and Midnapore district.


Nehru Museum of Science and Technology is located in the old building of IIT Kharagpur - a historic building - the infamous Hijli Detention Camp of the pre-Independence era. In the 50th year of India's independence, on 16th September, 1997, it was renamed as "Hijli Shahid Bhavan" to commemorate the martyrdom of two freedom fighters at the Hijli Detention Camp in September 1931.


The museum was established in this building in 1990 with the objective of providing a historical perspective to the advancement of Science and Technology through models, demonstrations, experiments, manuscripts, photographs. It was also the aim to present the developments in diverse areas of science and technology through models and images. A large number of technical models donated by various institutes and organizations in India and abroad have been collected for exhibition in the museum. An archive has been established for preserving documents pertaining to the history of IIT Kharagpur and Hijli Detention Camp much of which has been also digitally preserved.



Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


With the help of Bidhan Chandra Roy (chief minister of West Bengal), Indian educationalists Humayun Kabir and Jogendra Singh formed a committee in 1946 to consider the creation of higher technical institutions "for post-war industrial development of India."[citation needed] This was followed by the creation of a 22-member committee headed by Nalini Ranjan Sarkar. In its interim report, the Sarkar Committee recommended the establishment of higher technical institutions in India, along the lines of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and consulting from theUniversity of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign along with affiliated secondary institutions. The report urged that work should start with the speedy establishment of major institutions in the four-quarters of the country with the ones in the east and the west to be set up immediately.[5]

The main building of the institute during construction (1955)

On the grounds that West Bengal had the highest concentration of industries at the time, Roy persuaded Jawaharlal Nehru (India's first prime minister) to establish the first institute in West Bengal. The first Indian Institute of Technology was thus established in May 1950 as the Eastern Higher Technical Institute.[6] It was located in Esplanade East,Calcutta, and in September 1950 shifted to its permanent campus at Hijli, Kharagpur120 kilometres south-west of Calcutta. Hijli had been used as a detention camp during the British colonial rule in India, to keep Indian freedom fighters captive.[7]

IIT Kharagpur is the 3rd oldest technical institute in the state after IIEST Shibpur (1856) and Jadavpur University (established as Bengal technical institute in 1906) When the first session started in August 1951, there were 224 students and 42 teachers in the ten departments of the institute. The classrooms, laboratories and the administrative office were housed in the historic building of the Hijli Detention Camp (now known as Shaheed Bhawan), where political revolutionaries were imprisoned during the British rule.[8] The office building had served as the headquarters of the Bomber Command of the U.S. 20th Air Forceduring World War II. To honour Bidhan Chandra Roy, the area in front of the main building is named Bidhan Chowk.[citation needed]

The name "Indian Institute of Technology" was adopted before the formal inauguration of the institute on 18 August 1951 byMaulana Abul Kalam Azad. On 15 September 1956, the Parliament of India passed the Indian Institute of Technology (Kharagpur) Act declaring it an Institute of National Importance. Prime Minister Nehru, in the first convocation address of IIT Kharagpur in 1956, said:[9]

"

Here in the place of that Hijli Detention Camp stands the fine monument of India, representing India's urges, India's future in the making. This picture seems to me symbolical of the changes that are coming to India.

"

The Shaheed Bhawan was converted to a museum in 1990.[10] The Srinivasa Ramanujan Complex was incorporated as another academic complex of the institute with Takshashila starting operation in 2002, Vikramshila in 2003 and Nalanda in 2012.


Hijli Detention Camp

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 (Redirected from Hijli)

The administrative building of Hijli Detention Camp (September 1951)

Hijli Detention Camp (now called Shaheed Bhavan, IIT Kharagpur),[1] is a former detention camp during British rule in India.[2]Located in Hijli, beside Kharagpur, (a part of former Hijli Kingdom) in the district of Midnapore West, West Bengal, India, it played a significant role in the struggle against the British Raj in the early 20th century.

The large numbers of those who participated in the armed struggle or the non-cooperation movement could not be accommodated in ordinary jails. The British Government decided to establish a few detention camps; the first one was located in Buxar Fort followed by the creation of Hijli Detention Camp in 1930. A significant moment in the struggle against British rule occurred at here in 1931 when two unarmed detainees, Santosh Kumar Mitra and Tarakeswar Sengupta, were shot dead by the British Police.[3] Subhas Chandra Bose came to Hijli to collect their bodies. Many national leaders, including Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore, voiced strong protests against the British Raj over this incident.[4] The firing which later known as "Hijli firing" is the only incident of police firing inside a jail/detention camp.[5]

The detention camp was closed in 1937 and was reopened in 1940. In 1942 it was closed for the final time and the detainees were transferred elsewhere. During World War II it was occupied by US Air Force.[3]

Today, the camp is also known for being the birthplace of Indian Institute of Technology - Kharagpur, which stated it 1951.[6]In 1990, a part of the former detention camp buildings were converted to house the Nehru Museum of Science and Technology.


Mind you,The Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur (IIT Kharagpur or IIT KGP ;Bengali: ভারতীয় প্রযুক্তিবিদ্যা প্রতিষ্ঠান, খড়্গপুর) is a public engineering institution established by the government of India in 1951. It was the first of the IITs to be established, and is recognized as an Institute of National Importance by the government of India.

As part of Nehru's dream for a free self-sufficient India, the institute was established to train scientists and engineers after India attained independencein 1947. It shares its organisational structure and undergraduate admission process with sister IITs.


Mid you,IIT Kharagpur has been ranked as the top institution in India and among the top 100 in the world, between the ranking range of 71-80 in the first edition of the QS Graduate Employability Rankings. The Institute has been scored impressively in the parameters 'Graduate Employability Rate' and 'Employers' Presence'.


The Institute is visited by close to 300 companies each year offering placement and internship. The companies range from top IT and Consulting firms, Banking and Financial organizations, Core engineering companies and Start-ups. The return rate of companies is close to 70%.


The only other Indian university to feature in the top 100 list is IIT Bombay which has been ranked second to IIT Kharagpur in the range of 91-100. India has got 3 more universities featured in the top 200 list, the others being IIT Madras, IIT Delhi and University of Delhi.


The Institute has been put along with elite institutions such as Aston University, Georgetown University, Lancaster University, Pennsylvania State University, University of Illinois - Chicago (UIC), University of Liverpool, Queensland University of Technology (QUT).


IIT Kharagpur has recently managed highest number of pre-placement offers for the 2015-2016 session. The Institute which records the highest number of degree holders among all IITs employs about 1500 students on an average every year with best in class compensation package for students obtaining good cumulative grade point average.


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